Eric Arthur Blair, popularly known as George Orwell, rose to fame as an English novelist, essayist, journalist, and critic. His writing is noted for its clarity, social critique, opposition to tyranny, and support for democratic socialism. His writings included literary criticism, poetry, fiction and polemical journalism.

George Orwell was born on 25 June 1903 at Motihari, Bengal Presidency, British India. Charles Blair, his great-grandfather, was a well-to-do country gentleman from Dorset who married Lady Mary Fane, the 8th Earl of Westmorland’s daughter. Blair was also the absentee owner of Jamaican plantations. Thomas Richard Arthur Blair, his grandpa, was a priest in the Anglican Church. Richard Walmesley Blair, Orwell’s father, looked after the cultivation and storage of opium for export to China while employed by the Indian Civil Service as a Sub-Deputy Opium Agent. His mother Ida Mabel Blair (née Limouzin) grew up in Moulmein, Burma, where her French father engaged in speculative activities. He had two sisters, Marjorie, older than him by 5 years and Avril, younger to him by years.

Eric’s mother, Ida, relocated to Henley-on-Thames in Oxfordshire in 1904 with her children. Eric Blair ( George Orwell) didn’t get to meet his father until 1912 except for a brief visit in mid-1907. Eric and his sister, Marjorie were enrolled in a Roman Catholic Convent under the administration of French Ursuline nuns.Blair received a scholarship to St. Cyprian’s School in Eastbourne, East Sussex, thanks to Charles Limouzin’s social connections. He was in the boarding school for five years, starting from September 1911. After completing his schooling, he joined as an Imperial Policeman in Burma and later,returned home to Suffolk to start his writing career, using George Orwell as his pen name. He earned a meager income by submitting journalistic pieces, and working as a teacher and a bookseller in London. He achieved success as a writer between late 1920s and 1930s as his books were published.

Upon his return to England, his first episode of ill health was caused by a wound he sustained while fighting in the Spanish Civil War. He served as a journalist and a BBC employee during the Second World War. Fame came to him during his lifetime as a result of the publication of Animal Farm. He worked on Nineteen Eighty-Four in his final years, commuting between London and Jura in Scotland. Less than a year before his passing, in June 1949, it was published.

He married Eileen O’Shaughnessy in 1936 who died in 1945 and later married Sonia Brownell in 1949. By this time, his health started deteriorating as he had contracted tuberculosis.

Finally, he bade farewell to this world on 21 January 1950 (aged 46) in London, England. His books are still some of the most cherished, priceless treasures of English literature.

His noteworthy books :


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  1. Wow! Wow! Wonderful post! Dear Aparna, very interesting, like always.
    Thank’s for share my friend. Have a lovely day full of blessings and happiness!
    Happy Sunday!


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