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Hi Friends,

Today I would like to discuss about one of the greatest patriotic, revolutionary poets of India, Mahakavi Subramania Bharati. Mahakavi means a great poet. We also call him Bharatiyar out of respect.

Subramania Bharathiyar was a renowned Tamil author, poet, journalist, an advocate for Indian independence, a social reformer, and a polyglot who lived from 11 December 1882 to 11 September 1921. He was a modern Tamil poetry pioneer and is regarded as one of the greatest Tamil literary figures of all time. He is more commonly referred to as “Mahakavi Bharathi” (“Great Poet Bharathi”). He wrote patriotic songs that stoked nationalist sentiment during the Indian Independence movement. He pushed for women’s suffrage, condemned child marriage, fiercely opposed the caste system, and advocated for social and religious reform. Additionally, he supported the cause for the upliftment of the Muslims and the Dalits ( people belonging to the backward classes).

Subramanian Bharati, better known as, Bharatiyar was born on 11 December 1882 at Ettayapuram, Ettaiyapuram estate, British India, in a Brahmin family. His parents were Chinnaswami Subramania Iyer and Lakshmi Ammal. He took a keen interest in music and poetry at a very young age. His mother passed away when he was five. His father wanted him to be proficient in English, Mathematics and become an engineer. Bharatiyar was very brilliant. As a linguist, he also learned Sanskrit, Hindi, Telugu, English, French, and a bit of Arabic. His parents had named him Subramania but the title ‘ Bharati’ was conferred on him, when he was just 11, by the Raja of Ettayapuram when he recognized his excellence in Poetry. ” Bharati” referred to a person who’s blessed by Goddess Saraswati, the Goddess of learning. He married 7-year-old Chellamma when he was 15. This was because child marriage was prevalent in India. His father died when Bharati turned 16.

Bharathi was introduced to Hindu nationalism and spirituality while he was in Varanasi. His perspective was enlarged, and he picked up Hindi, Sanskrit, and English. He also altered his outer appearance. Due to his enthusiasm for Sikhs and the influence of his Sikh friend, he also developed a beard and started wearing a turban. He returned to Ettayapuram in 1901 and began serving as the court poet of Raja of Ettayapuram for a few years despite passing an admission exam for a position.

Bharati received his early education from Tirunelveli and Varanasi. He became a journalist for the newspapers like The Hindu, Bala Bharata, Vijaya, Chakravarthini, the Swadesamitran and India. It’s believed that Bharati was proficient in 32 languages including 3 foreign languages. But he was most attracted to Tamil Literature. He was one of the pioneers of the modern blank verse and many of his poems are dedicated to describe the beauty of Tamil Language. He also composed poems on various topics like nationalism, children’s songs, love songs, tribute to various freedom fighters, devotional songs dedicated to the Gods of all religion.

He was one of those revolutionary poets whose poems inspired people to actively participate in the Indian freedom struggle. He had a great influence on the Indian literature, especially Tamil Literature. His views and thoughts are very relevant even today.

Just like the great poets of the English literature, PB Shelley, and John Keats, this genius also passed away at the young age of 38 on 11 September 1921.

Here’s one of his famous poem, translated into English by S.Prema (

Indian Republic.

Long live the Republic of Bharat!
Victory to the Republic of Bharat!

Thirty crores of people share
This commonwealth of ours;
A marvel Republic
Without an equal in the world.
Long live the Republic

Shall we see henceforth the greed
Of one man seizing another’s bite?
Shall one see unmoved
The spectacle of another’s pain?
Shall we revel in sensuality,
Or tolerate the selfish life?
Long live the Republic

Spacious fields and generous springs
Enrich this mighty land;
Plentiful is her gift of fruits,
Abundant the harvest of corn;
Numerous are the gifts,
Perennial the flow.
Long live the Republic

We shall now lay down the law
And die to preserve it-
We’ll rather send the world up in flames
Than suffer one man to starve.
Long live the Republic

This is what Lord Krishna said:
‘I live in all living things.’
Bharat will show the world the way
Of all attaining the Life Divine.
Long live the Republic

We are of the same caste and race,
We are children of Bharat all;
We are equal in law and stature,
And every one is Bharat’s King!
Long Live the Republic

[Translated into English By S. Prema]

Subramanya Bharathi

Let’s hail this great poet cum freedom fighter whose rich legacy of Tamil literature will continue to inspire billions of youth.

Thank you so much for taking your precious time to visit my website. Hope you enjoyed reading my blogs. 😊😊


  1. Excellent narration on mahakavi Subramanya Bharathi. You have shared a great information. But being a bramhan here in our state these Dravidian parties never give much importance to him even though he lived a simplified life and a strong supporter of minorities. Never been biased. It’s very much upsetting. He has to be honoured. And in school academics, maximum of his poems and scripts should be published.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Exactly, dear Padmaja. Even the so-called Hindutva parties only care for the backward castes. Certainly, legends like Bharati must be honored.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. An excellent piece, Aparna ji. I have deep regards for this nationalist poet. Thank you for writing about him today, the Constitution Day.❤️❤️❤️

    Liked by 1 person

  4. WOW, thank you for introducing us to Mahakavi Subramania Bharati. He was a respected and very honored poet and human being. I appreciate you introducing us to these important pieces of Indian literature we were unaware of. I mentioned a couple of references in my book, like a few poets of the Indian Renaissance. Thank you for expanding my lessons Aparna. You are a bright star my friend. Enjoy the rest of our weekend girlfriend. 😍⭐🤗💖🌞✨🥰

    Liked by 1 person

  5. Wow! Wow! Wow! Wonderful post! As always interesting! Dear Aparna thank’s for share.
    I didn’t know Bharati, you are a box of surprises. Have a lovely day full of blesssings and happiness!

    Liked by 2 people

  6. Thank you so much, dear Kym. You make me feel so special with your kind words. ♥️♥️😊😊😊😊. Have a fantastic Sunday, my dear sister girlfriend. ♥️♥️🌹🌹🌹🥰😘😘🥰🥰🥰🥰🥰

    Liked by 1 person

  7. Awwww. That’s so sweet of you. Thank you so much, dear Elvira. ♥️♥️♥️🍰🍰🍰🍩🍩🍩🍩🍫🍫🍫🍫☕☕☕☕☕🌹🌹🌹🌹🌹. Happy weekend🍕🏠🎉.

    Liked by 1 person

  8. Always a pleasure, dear Aparna.
    Enjoy your relaxing time! 🙏💖❤️💖🌸🌺🧁🫖☕🧁🫖☕🍫🍩🍰🍫🍩🍰☕🍨☕🥳Happy weekend too! 🥳


  9. Aparna, your post transported me back to my childhood when I used to collect stamps from all over the world. I would often see stamps from India – the style so easily identifiable. Thank you for my little trip down memory lane.

    Liked by 2 people

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