( Information : Wikipedia and iloveindia.com).
Sumitranandan Pant, is one of the greatest poets of Hindi literature. I remember reading some of his poems in my Hindi textbooks during my school days. His poems were based on romanticism, inspired by nature, people and beauty within.
He was born on 20 May 1900, at Kausani-Almora, North-Western Provinces, British India, to Ganga Dutt Pant and Saraswati Devi. His birth name was Gosain Dutt which he changed to Sumitranandan Pant. (iloveindia.com)
He belonged to an affluent family. His father was the manager of a local tea garden, and was also a landholder. He was raised in the same village and, as can be seen in all of his major works, has always had a deep appreciation for the charm and flavour of rural India.
Pant enrolled in Queens College in Banaras in 1918 and graduated after passing the matriculation exam there. He read the poetry of various English and Indian poets, which had a big impact on his later writing. He went to Allahabad in 1919 to enroll in Muir College but gave up studies after two years because of his anti-British Sentiments. He concentrated on poetry and is regarded as one of the major poets belonging to the Chhayavaad (Neo-romanticism) school of Hindi Literature.
He published his first book of poetry collection,Pallav in 1926. He went to Kalakankar in 1931 and returned to Almora in 1941 where he started attending drama classes at the Uday Shankar Cultural Centre.
Sri Aurobindo’s The Life Divine, impressed him so much that he came to Chennai and then to Pondicherry where he started going to Aurobindo’s Ashram. He returned to Allahabad in 1946, to concentrate on his literary career.
Shri. Pant was honored with the country’s highest literary award, The Jnanpith Award in 1969 for the collection of his most famous poems titled Chidambara. He also received Sahitya Academy award in 1960 for Kala and Buddha Chand. The Government of India conferred him with the Padma Bhushan, the third-highest civilian award in the Republic of India.
He passed away on 28 December 1977, at Allahabad (Prayagraj), Uttar Pradesh, India. He still lives in the hearts of the lovers of Hindi literature through his immortal poetry. His childhood home in Kausani is now a museum which displays the articles that he used.
Book publication : (iloveindia.com)
1927: His work “Veena” got published, which contains poems during the early part of his career.
His poem and translation.
जीना अपने ही में –
जीना अपने ही में
एक महान कर्म है,
जीने का हो सदुपयोग
यह मनुज धर्म है।
अपने ही में रहना
एक प्रबुद्ध कला है,
जग के हित रहने में
सबका सहज भला है।
जग का प्यार मिले
जन्मों के पुण्य चाहिए,
जग जीवन को
प्रेम सिन्धु में डूब थाहिए।
मत नीरस उपदेश दीजिए,
लोक कर्म भव
सत्यप्रथम सत्कर्म कीजिए।
Living on my own
is a great deed,
To make good use of living
This is the basis of a Human Dharma ( Religion).
To be immersed in yourself,
Is an enlightened art.
To live in the interest of the world,
To love the world
The merits of births are needed,
Let all the lives in the world,
Be immersed in the ocean of love.
After acquiring knowledge,
Don’t give monotonous preaching,
Towards people, duty, existing self, and truth.
Do the first good deeds.
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