( Image and Information courtesy: Wikipedia)
Ernest Miller Hemingway was a renowned American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. He termed his understated, economical writing style as the the iceberg theory—which left behind an indelible impression on the 20th Century fiction. The iceberg theory or the theory of omission refers to avoid going into the details and adopting a minimalistic approach in writing. He also displayed adventurous lifestyle and a public image that earned him many admirers from the next generation.
He was born on July 21, 1899, at Oak Park, Illinois, U.S. His parents were Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, a physician, and Grace Hall Hemingway, a musician. After finishing his high school, he joined as a reporter for a few months for The Kansas City Star before leaving for the Italian Front to enlist as an ambulance driver in World War I. He returned home in 1918 after getting seriously wounded. He wrote his novel A Farewell to Arms (1929) based on his wartime experiences.
He married Hadley Richardson in 1921 and got divorced in 1927, followed by his marriage to Pauline Pfeiffer which ended in a divorce in 1940. Martha Gellhorn was his third wife in 1940 and divorced her in 1945. He finally married Mary Welsh in 1946.
He won the The Nobel Prize in Literature, 1954, for his book, The Old Man and The sea, for which he also won the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 along with his drama, Picnic.
He owned houses in Key West, Florida (in the 1930s) and in Cuba (in the 1940s and 1950s).He nearly escaped from death in 1954 after the successive plane crashes that left him in pain and ill health for the rest of his life. He moved to a new house that he had bought in 1959 in Ketchum, Idaho, where he died on July 2, 1961 (aged 61). He had committed suicide.
His works are so exemplary and popular in the history of American literature that they have been adapted into movies like The Old Man and the Sea, For Whom the Bell Tolls, A Farewell to Arms, The Sun Also Rises and so on.
His famous work:
Novels and Novellas
The Torrents of Spring 1926 Novella
The Sun Also Rises 1926 Novel
A Farewell to Arms 1929 Novel
To Have and Have Not 1937 Novel
For Whom the Bell Tolls 1940 Novel
Across the River and into the Trees 1950 Novel
The Old Man and the Sea 1952 Novella
Islands in the Stream 1970 Novel ( posthumous)
The Garden of Eden 1986 Novel ( posthumous)
True at First Light 1999 Non fiction (posthumous)
Death in the Afternoon 1932 Green Hills of Africa 1935
Hemingway, The Wild Years 1962 ( posthumous)
A Moveable Feast 1964 (posthumous)
By-Line: Ernest Hemingway 1967 (posthumous)
Ernest Hemingway: Cub Reporter 1970 (posthumous)
The Dangerous Summer 1985 ( posthumous)
Dateline: Toronto 1985 (Posthumous)
Under Kilimanjaro 2005 Key(Posthumous)
(1923) Three Stories and Ten Poems
(1924) In Our Time (Republished in 1925 with fourteen additional short stories)
(1927) Men Without Women
(1933) Winner Take Nothing
(1938) The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories (This collection includes the ones in In Our Time and Men Without Women and Winner Take Nothing)
(1947) The Essential Hemingway(1961) The Snows of Kilimanjaro and Other Stories
(1969) The Fifth Column and Four Stories of the Spanish Civil War
(1972) The Nick Adams Stories
(1979) 88 Poems
(1979) Complete Poems
(1984) The Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway
(1987) The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway
(1995) The Collected Stories (Everyman’s Library)
(1999) Hemingway on Writing
(2000) Hemingway on Fishing
(2003) Hemingway on Hunting
(2003) Hemingway on War
(2008) Hemingway on Paris
(1938) The Fifth Column (published in the story collection The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories)
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